2 edition of WESTERN EUROPEAN COMMUNIST MOVEMENTS IN THE LATE TWENTIETH CENTURY found in the catalog.
WESTERN EUROPEAN COMMUNIST MOVEMENTS IN THE LATE TWENTIETH CENTURY
MARTIN J. BELL
Written in English
Online version of print publication WEST EUROPEAN POLITICS, v.18, no.1 (January 1995) : 78-97.
In the second half of the twentieth century, the lives of Europeans were transformed almost beyond recognition. In , many of the continent's residents heated their . A century, exactly, has passed since communists first came to power. It happened in Russia, reeling from three years of world war and the overthrow eight months before of Czar Nicholas II.
During the 20th century, as communism gained power and the fear grew that it would spread further, organized movements to address the rise of communism emerged throughout the free world. Anti-communism was at its peak in the periods following the beginning of the Cold War in and in , during the 60th Anniversary of the Russian. Fascism - Fascism - Neofascism: Although fascism was largely discredited in Europe at the end of World War II, fascist-inspired movements were founded in several European countries beginning in the late s. Similar groups were created outside Europe as well, primarily in Latin America, the Middle East, and South Africa. Like their fascist predecessors, the “neofascists” advocated.
Previously the author of books on 20th-century Germany, McAdams here adopts a world-spanning frame of reference, offering us a history of communism that ranges from Albania to China, Hungary to. The actions by governments of communist states have been subject to criticism. According to critics, the rule by communist parties leads to totalitarianism, political repression, restrictions of human rights, poor economic performance and cultural and artistic censorship. Western criticism of communist rule is also been grounded in criticism of socialism by economists such as Friedrich Hayek.
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The West European communist movement in the late twentieth century. This article evaluates the impact of the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe on the West European communist movement. The state of the movement before is examined, followed by an analysis of the different trajectories of the parties after the revolutions and an assessment of their future by: What are the prospects for the movement in the late twentieth century.
An assessment of the movement’s present state and future prospects is not possible without first evaluating the movement’s past what was the West European Communist movement before and what condition, domestically and internationally, was it in.
This conclusion Cited by: 7. The Force of Labour: The Western European Labour Movement and the Working Class in the Twentieth Century. Oxford: Berg, Blackburn, Robin. After the Fall: The Failure of Communism and the Future of Socialism.
London: Verso, Bull, Martin J., and Paul Heywood, eds. West European Communist Parties after the Revolutions of W. John Morgan, in International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences (Second Edition), Lenin and Leninism.
The Russian revolutions of and had a considerable impact on the socialist and communist movements internationally, not least by distinguishing between them.
During the nineteenth century, Russia had experienced a variety of revolutionary socialist and. Published by Lawrence & Wishart, Twentieth Century Communism provides an international forum for the latest research on the subject and an entry-point into key developments and debates not immediately accessible to English-language historians.
Its main focus is on the period of the Russian revolution () and on the activities of communist parties themselves. Communism Takes Hold in China and Beyond • July 1, Inspired by the Russian Revolution, the Communist Party of China is formed.
• January. There were indeed active communist movements in the Western European states in the initial years following WW2. Much of their support came in the form of the population getting the short end of the stick in the reconstruction of Western Europe.
Communist Influence In Italy Communist Influence in Italy in Europe Communism: Communist Influence in Noncommunist Countries Western Europe Italy The Italian Communist Party was one of the most potent communist parties in Western Europe after World War II.
It was established in by a radical group of the. The history of communism encompasses a wide variety of ideologies and political movements sharing the core theoretical values of common ownership of wealth, economic enterprise and property.
Most modern forms of communism are grounded at least nominally in Marxism, a theory and method conceived by Karl Marx during the 19th century. Marxism subsequently gained a widespread. Get this from a library. The end of the Bolshevik dream: Western European Communist parties in late twentieth century.
[Olga A Narkiewicz]. In the late 's and early 's, however, Communism suffered a blow from which it may never recover--the collapse of the Communist system in the Soviet Union (the world's first Communist state) and the Communist countries of Eastern Europe, followed by the breakup of the Soviet Union itself.
Until the final decade of the twentieth century, Western Europe had large, organized communist parties, as well as groups of intellectuals sympathetic to communism.
During the s, the Western European socialist movement divided into independent democratic socialist parties and Soviet dominated communist parties. Sassoon's book is good, but very dense, and the topic is more specialized than you'd think from the title.
It's a history of Western Europe's socialist and Communist political parties, and Sassoon often assumes a familiarity with a variety of other subjects that intersect with his, such as the development of socialist thought, twentieth century economic theory, and the basic political history Reviews: 7.
20th-century international relations - 20th-century international relations - The coming of the Cold War, – The symbolic first meeting of American and Soviet soldiers occurred at Torgau, Ger., on Ap Their handshakes and toasts in beer and vodka celebrated their common victory over Nazi Germany and marked the collapse of old Europe altogether; but their inarticulate grunts.
Local communist parties in Eastern Europe enjoyed some support after World War II because of their role in resisting the Nazis. Which of the following was a result of urbanization in both China and the Soviet Union.
late modern world will be inadequate.”3 I. TOTAL WARFARE AND REVOLUTION The “short twentieth century” was born in war—almost one-half of this pe-riod, from towas scarred by two devastating wars, separated only by a period of uneasy peace and escalating brutality.
Nowhere is. Communism (from Latin communis, "common, universal") is a philosophical, social, political, economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of a communist society, namely a socioeconomic order structured upon the ideas of common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money and the state.
Communism includes a variety of schools of. Emigration from Greece and the Near East in the 20th century created a sizable Orthodox diaspora in Western Europe, North and South America, and Australia.
In addition, the Bolshevik Revolution forced thousands of Russian exiles westward. The first half of the 20th century was a turbulent time for Russia. The political system was drastically and violently transformed, there was an explosion of avant-garde art, and then Stalin led the country through the violent period of industrialization.
Many believe that it was during that time that Russia gained enough force and resources to be able to defeat the Nazis in the WW2.
Communism is a social, political and economic movement that aims at the establishment of a classless and stateless communist society structured upon common ownership of the means of ideology significantly influenced the history of the 20th century, which saw intense rivalry between the "socialist world" (communist states) and the "capitalist world" (countries with market.
This book analyses the influence of Marxist theories and frameworks in the political cultures of the Left in Western Europe, focusing on case studies from Germany and Italy. It covers a diverse range of protest movements, taking a transnational approach to twentieth-century social movements.The Black Book of Communism: Crimes, Terror, Repression is a book by Stéphane Courtois, Nicolas Werth, Andrzej Paczkowski and several other European academics documenting a history of political repressions by Communist states, including genocides, extrajudicial executions, deportations, killing populations in labor camps and artificially created famines.Anti-communism was one of the strongest political forces affecting the United States during the twentieth century.
Loudly and repeatedly heralded as an indispensable component of national security, it provoked three “red scares,” all of which had deleterious effects on significant numbers of people, organizations, institutions, and national values.